Nguyen Phu Trong visit signals important advance in China-Vietnam relations

Following closely on from the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of China, last week saw a flurry of diplomatic activity in China, with the successive visits of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, the President of Tanzania, and the Chancellor of Germany.

The visit by the Vietnamese General Secretary Comrade Nguyen Phu Trong was marked by exceptional warmth, signaling a qualitative advance in the relations between the two neighboring socialist countries. Besides being the first foreign leader to visit China after the Congress, it was Trong’s first overseas trip since his own re-election as general secretary at his party’s 13th National Congress in early 2021. At that time, he promised that his first visit would be to China, reciprocating Xi Jinping’s first overseas visit being to Hanoi after the CPC’s 19th Congress in 2017.

Leading Chinese newspaper Global Times commented: “China and Vietnam are two socialist countries and the ruling parties of the two countries have deep and long-standing relations with revolutionary tradition built in the era they fought side by side against foreign invaders and colonialists, so the bilateral ties of the two countries are always guided by the inter-party relations between the CPC and the CPV… For some time, some Western media and observers have tried to hype the disputes and competition between China and Vietnam. The US in the past few years has also tried to rope in Vietnam to join the US strategy to contain China, but Nguyen’s visit just once again proves that the West has failed to understand and interpret the ties between China and its neighbor.”

Besides paying attention to diverse areas of bilateral cooperation – with 13 cooperation documents signed by the two sides – along with regional and international issues, the visit was notable for the strong emphasis placed by both sides on the importance of their joint commitment to the defense and promotion of the cause of socialism.

At their meeting, Xi Jinping noted that the development of human progress is a long and tortuous process, while the development of socialist countries is facing a very complicated international environment and severe risks and challenges. He called on the CPC and the CPV to strive for the happiness of the people and the progress of humanity, make every effort to advance socialist modernization, and never allow anyone to interfere with their progress or any force to shake the institutional foundation of their development.

On further developing China-Vietnam relations, Xi stressed that the two sides should adhere to the direction of socialism. “For the cause of socialism and China-Vietnam relations, adhering to the correct political direction is paramount.”

Xi Jinping also awarded his Vietnamese counterpart with the Friendship Medal, China’s highest decoration for foreigners. In doing so, he hailed Trong as a staunch Marxist, and a close comrade and sincere friend of the CPC. The medal represents the friendly feelings of the CPC and the Chinese people toward Trong and the Vietnamese people, symbolizes the profound friendship between China and Vietnam as “comrades and brothers”, and embodies the ardent hope of the two parties and the two peoples for a better future together, said Xi.

Noting China and Vietnam are good neighbors and friends “connected by mountains and rivers, as close as lips and teeth,” Xi said the two countries are like-minded comrades and partners with a shared future committed to the cause of peace and progress of humanity.

On the journey of promoting socialist modernization of the two countries, the CPC is willing to work with the CPV led by Trong to inherit the traditional friendship created and carefully cultivated by Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh and other older-generation leaders of the two parties and two countries, and to jointly lead China-Vietnam relations to achieve greater development.

In a joint statement released by the two countries at the conclusion of the visit, the two sides again agreed that the traditional friendship of being both comrades and brothers, which has been built and cultivated by President Ho Chi Minh, Chairman Mao Zedong and other senior leaders, is a valuable asset of the two peoples, which should be further inherited, protected and promoted well. It further noted the importance of the consistent and creative application and development of Marxism-Leninism in promoting the cause of Party building and socialism, so as to constantly develop and make efforts for the cause of peace and progress of humanity.

The following articles were originally carried on the website of China’s State Council and by the Xinhua News Agency and the Vietnamese party newspaper Nhân Dân.

Xi holds talks with Vietnam’s communist party chief

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chinese president, held talks on Oct 31 with Nguyen Phu Trong, general secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Central Committee.

The two sides agreed to consolidate the traditional friendship, strengthen strategic communication, enhance political mutual trust, and properly manage differences, so as to push the China-Vietnam comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in the new era to a new level.

Xi warmly welcomed Trong’s official visit to China following the 20th CPC National Congress, noting that he has maintained close communication with Trong in various ways and reached many important consensuses on guiding the development of China-Vietnam relations in recent years. “These consensuses have been fully implemented and remarkable results have been achieved,” he said.

Xi introduced the main points of the 20th CPC National Congress. He said that the historic achievements made in the cause of the Party and the country in the new era fully prove that the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics conforms to the realities of China, reflects the will of the Chinese people, and meets the requirements of the times.

Hailing the Vietnamese side’s achievements in socialist construction and innovation, Xi said it is believed that under the leadership of the Central Committee of the CPV headed by General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, the CPV and the Vietnamese government will surely accomplish the goals and tasks set forth by the 13th CPV National Congress.

Xi said that, with accelerated changes in the situation unseen in a century, the world has entered a new period of turbulence and transformation. He emphasized that China, Vietnam and other socialist countries have succeeded in following the trend of the times and exploring a modernization path in line with their own national conditions, and socialism is becoming more and more vigorous.

At the same time, the development of human progress is a long and tortuous process, while the development of socialist countries is facing a very complicated international environment and severe risks and challenges, Xi said.

He called on the CPC and the CPV to strive for the happiness of the people and the progress of mankind, make every effort to advance socialist modernization, and never allow anyone to interfere with their progress or any force to shake the institutional foundation of their development.

On further developing China-Vietnam relations, Xi stressed that the two sides should adhere to the direction of socialism. “For the cause of socialism and China-Vietnam relations, adhering to the correct political direction is paramount.”

He expressed hopes that the two parties should strengthen high-level communication and exchanges of views on major issues concerning bilateral relations in a timely manner.

He also called for consolidating the socialist economic foundation on both sides.

China is ready to work with Vietnam to synergize their development strategies, promote connectivity between the two countries, and deepen cooperation on healthcare, green development, the digital economy and climate change, Xi said.

Under the new circumstances, the two sides should focus on the future and work for a long time to carry forward the traditional friendship of “comrades and brothers” nurtured by the older generation of leaders, strengthen people-to-people exchanges, increase mutual acquaintance and amity between the younger generations of the two countries, and deepen cooperation in the field of press and publicity, so as to create an atmosphere of public opinion that is favorable for bilateral relations, he added.

Xi stressed that China regards ASEAN as a priority in its neighborhood diplomacy and a key region in high-quality Belt and Road cooperation, and values Vietnam’s position and role in ASEAN.

“We look forward to working with Vietnam to accelerate the building of a peaceful, safe and secure, prosperous, beautiful and amicable home together, and to promote regional economic integration in East Asia,” he said.

China is also ready to work with ASEAN to practice true multilateralism and open regionalism, make the regional situation and international order more peaceful, stable, just and equitable, and actively promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, Xi added.

Trong thanked Xi for inviting him to lead the Vietnamese leaders as the first head-of-state level delegation to visit China since the 20th CPC National Congress. Trong said he had also fulfilled his commitment of making China his first destination abroad after his re-election as general secretary of the CPV Central Committee.

On behalf of the CPV, the Vietnamese government and the people, he extended warm congratulations to the CPC, the Chinese government and the people on the success of the 20th CPC National Congress, and to Xi on his re-election as general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

Trong expressed confidence that under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, China will definitely achieve the goals set at the 20th CPC National Congress and make a new contribution to the region and the world at large.

Trong said he fully agrees with Xi’s important proposals on developing relations between the two parties and two countries. He said Vietnam attaches great importance to its ties with China and regards developing friendly cooperation with China as a top priority in its foreign policies.

Vietnam will advance the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership with China based on the policy of long-term stability, forward-thinking, good neighborliness and comprehensive cooperation, and the spirit of being good neighbors, friends, comrades and partners, he said.

Trong said Vietnam firmly follows the one-China policy, opposes any form of “Taiwan independence” separatist activities, and will not develop any official relations with Taiwan.

He said Vietnam will not allow any country to establish a military base in Vietnam, or join any military alliance, or use force against any country, or work with one country to oppose another.

He said Vietnam is willing to work with China to maintain high-level exchanges to enhance mutual understanding and strengthen political mutual trust, give play to the strategic role of inter-party relations and deepen theory exchanges.

He called for taking advantage of the existing cooperation mechanism between the two countries to promote the synergy of the Belt and Road Initiative with the “Two Corridors, One Economic Belt” and yield more fruitful economic cooperation.

He called for maintaining people-to-people exchanges to deepen public support for Vietnam-China relations, and maintaining peace and tranquility on the land border and peace and stability at sea, so as not to let maritime issues affect the overall development of bilateral relations.

Trong said the 13th CPV National Congress and the 20th CPC National Congress marked the start of a critical new stage in bilateral relations, and Vietnam is ready to work with China to push the bilateral good-neighborly friendship and comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to a new height.

After the talks, the two leaders witnessed the signing of cooperation documents on political parties, economy and trade, environmental protection, culture and tourism, justice, customs and local government.

Prior to the talks, Xi held a ceremony at the Great Hall of the People to welcome Trong.

Xi hosted a welcoming banquet for Trong on the evening of Oct 31, and members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi were present.


Xi awards friendship medal to Vietnam’s communist party chief

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chinese president, on Monday awarded Nguyen Phu Trong, general secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Central Committee, the Friendship Medal of the People’s Republic of China.

A ceremony was held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Wang Yi, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Chinese state councilor and foreign minister, read out the order of award.

Xi presented the medal to Trong, hailing Trong as a staunch Marxist, and a close comrade and sincere friend of the CPC.

With his great attention and personal promotion, the traditional friendship between the two parties and countries has been consolidated, political mutual trust enhanced, practical cooperation deepened, and exchanges and mutual learning have been increasingly close, Xi said.

The medal represents the friendly feelings of the CPC and the Chinese people toward Trong and the Vietnamese people, symbolizes the profound friendship between China and Vietnam as “comrades and brothers”, and embodies the ardent hope of the two parties and the two peoples for a better future together, said Xi.

Noting China and Vietnam are good neighbors and friends “connected by mountains and rivers, as close as lips and teeth,” Xi said the two countries are like-minded comrades and partners with a shared future committed to the cause of peace and progress of humanity.

On the journey of promoting socialist modernization of the two countries, the CPC is willing to work with the CPV led by Trong to inherit the traditional friendship created and carefully cultivated by Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh and other older-generation leaders of the two parties and two countries, and to jointly lead China-Vietnam relations to achieve greater development.

Trong said he sincerely thanked Xi for awarding him the medal, which fully reflects the feeling of friendship of the CPC, Chinese government and Chinese people toward the CPV, Vietnamese government and people, as well as toward Vietnamese leaders. It is also a great inspiration for Vietnam’s long-term commitment to the Vietnam-China friendship.

He said it is a great pleasure for him to accept the honor, and he will work with the Vietnamese people on his post to continue to adhere to the socialist path, constantly consolidate and deepen the Vietnam-China friendly relations as “comrades and brothers,” and jointly realize a brighter future.

Trong also expressed the hope that the Vietnam-China friendship will last forever, and that the Vietnam-China relations will become a model of international relations from generation to generation.

After the awarding ceremony, Xi and Trong had a tea chat to talk about the traditional friendship and development prospects between the two parties and countries.


Vietnam, China issue joint statement

1. At the invitation of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s Central Committee and President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Central Committee Nguyen Phu Trong pays an official visit to China from October 30 to November 1, 2022.

During the visit, Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong holds talks with Party General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping; receives the Friendship Order of the People’s Republic of China presented by Party General Secretary and President Xi Jinping on behalf of the Chinese Party and Government; meets with Premier Li Keqiang, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of China Li Zhanshu, and Chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference National Committee Wang Yang. At these talks and meetings, the two sides inform each other about the situation of their respective Parties and countries; exchange ideas and reach many important common perceptions on the relationship between the two parties and countries as well as the current international and regional situations.

2. The Chinese side informs the Vietnamese side of the main outcomes of the 20th National Congress of the CPC. The Vietnamese side warmly congratulates the CPC on the success of the congress, and highly appreciates the great strategic accomplishments that the CPC Central Committee, with Xi Jinping at its core, have united and led the Chinese people to achieve during the process of preserving and developing socialism, promoting the Chineseization of Marxism and adapting it to the current era, fulfilling the first Centenary Goal, successfully and comprehensively building a well-off society, winning the battle to get rid of poverty, constantly developing and perfecting the entire people’s democracy, developing the economy and preventing and controlling the epidemic, demonstrating the superiority of the socialist regime, which provides a vivid practice and valuable experience for developing countries to refer to.

The Vietnamese side wishes and expresses a belief that under the sound leadership of the CPC Central Committee, with Xi Jinping at its core, the Chinese Communist Party, Government and people of China will definitely continue to expand and enrich the path of Chinese-style modernisation, vigorously promote a new great work in Party building, and fulfil on time the goals and tasks set forth by the 20th National Congress of the CPC, successfully realise the second Centenary Goal, and build China into a modern, prosperous, democratic, civilised, harmonious and beautiful socialist power.

The Vietnamese side informs the Chinese side of the main outcomes of the 13th National Congress of the CPV. The Chinese side highly appreciates the great and unprecedented achievements that Vietnam has gained after more than 35 years of implementing the Doi moi (reform) process and 10 years of implementing the Platform on national construction in the period of transition to socialism (supplemented and developed in 2011). In particular, the building and rectification of the Party and the political system have produced many positive results, maintaining socio-political stability; economic growth has been sustained at a quite high level; the COVID-19 pandemic has been successfully controlled; people’s life is constantly improved in all aspects; and the country’s international position is increasingly enhanced, reflecting the potential and a bright future of the cause of socialism building in Vietnam.

The Chinese side wishes and believes that under the sound leadership of the CPV Central Committee, headed by General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, the Vietnamese Party, State and people will definitely successfully realise the big goals and tasks set out by the CPV’s 13th National Congress, soon turning Vietnam into a socialist-oriented high-income developed country; and will play an even more important role in peace, stability and prosperity in the region and the world.

3. The two sides hold that Vietnam and China are both good neighbours and good friends sharing one strip of mountains and rivers, and good comrades and good partners with the same purpose, sharing a common destiny and making joint efforts for people’s happiness, wealthy and strong countries, and the noble cause of peace and development of mankind.

The two sides look back at the development of the relations of the two Parties and two countries. In the period of struggle for national independence and national liberation, the two Parties, States and peoples offered each other valuable and pure support. In the period of reform and door-opening, the two sides have stepped up the exchange of experiences, mutual beneficial cooperation, persisted in following the socialist path suitable to each country’s situation, and gained historical development achievements. The two sides agree that the traditional friendship of being both comrades and brothers, which has been built and cultivated by President Ho Chi Minh, Chairman Mao Zedong and other senior leaders, is a valuable asset of the two peoples, which should be further inherited, protected and promoted well.

Looking toward the future, the two Parties and countries need to persist with their forward direction, promote the unceasing development of socialism, and showcase the advantages and bright future of the socialist institution.

The two sides emphasise that to remain steadfast in the leadership of the Communist Party and persistent in following the socialist path suitable to the characteristics of each country’s situation requires the strengthening of solidarity, cooperation, exchange, mutual learning, and jointly deepening the awareness of the rule on the ruling of the Communist Party, the rule on building socialism and the development rule of human society; and the consistent and creative application and development of Marxism-Leninism, promoting the cause of Party building and socialism of each Party to constantly develop and make efforts for the cause of peace and progress of mankind.

4. The two sides assess that the world situation is going through historical, profound and unpredictable changes and entering a new period of upheavals. The two Parties and countries need to persistently pursue their goals, ideals and missions of striving for people’s happiness and human progress; persistently view and develop the bilateral relations from a strategic perspective with a long-term vision; uphold the motto of “friendly neighbourliness, comprehensive cooperation, long-term stability and future-oriented thinking” and the spirit of “good neighbours, good friends, good comrades, good partners”, and promote the long-term, healthy and stable development of the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in the new era.

To that goal, the two sides need to enhance strategic exchanges and political trust, persist with equality and mutual respect, firmly grasp the right direction ahead of the Vietnam – China relations; deepen mutually beneficial cooperation, promote harmony of interests, thus contributing to bringing happiness to people and improving their living standards; promote the tradition of friendship, strengthen exchanges between the two peoples, especially organising meetings and deepening understanding and bonds between young generations; properly handle disagreements on the basis of mutual understanding and respect, preserve the Vietnam-China relations and peace and stability in the region, and create a good external environment for the development of both countries; strengthen coordination on international issues, join hands in responding to regional and global challenges, contribute positively to maintaining peace, and promote common development in the region and the world.

5.The two sides hold that the two Parties’ top leaders maintaining regular exchanges, orienting and guiding the Vietnam-China relationship play an important strategic orienting role for the development of the relations between the two Parties and countries.

The two sides agree to continue to maintain and strengthen the good tradition of high-level exchanges between the two Parties and countries in such forms as mutual visits, sending special envoys, phone talks, exchange of letters and messages, annual meetings as well as meetings at multilateral forums, exchange of views on important issues in the bilateral relations as well as in the international and regional situation in a timely manner; give orientations and directions at a strategic level for the stable and healthy development of the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in the new era.

6. The two sides hold that the CPV and the CPC undertake the mission of leading the cause of socialism building in each country and perform the role of giving political orientation for the Vietnam – China relations. In the new situation, the two Parties need to consolidate traditional advantages in cooperation and encourage agencies, organisations and localities of the two Parties and countries to deepen their exchanges and cooperation, contributing to protecting the Party and the socialist regime in each country and maintaining firm and long-term development of the Vietnam – China relations.

The two sides agree to promote the overall directing and coordinating role of the high-level meeting mechanism between the two Parties and the coordinating role of the two Parties’ external relations agencies, continue to effectively implement the “Cooperation plan between the CPV and the CPC in 2021-2025” and “The plan for cooperation in personnel training between the CPV and the CPC in 2021-2025”, organise theoretical seminars between the two Parties, enhance exchanges and cooperation between agencies of the two Parties at the central level and Party organisations in localities, especially border provinces/regions, continue with exchanges in both theory and experience in Party building, national governance, prevention and control of corruption and negative phenomena; actively encourage friendly exchanges and cooperation between the Government and National Assembly of Vietnam, and the Government and the National People’s Congress of China, as well as between the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The two sides consent to carry forward the role of the Steering Committee for Vietnam–China Bilateral Cooperation and the master plan, and intensify exchanges and cooperation in fields such as diplomacy, national defence and security and law enforcement. They will also work to well implement the agreement on enhancing cooperation between the two Foreign Ministries in the new situation and maintain regular meetings between the two ministries’ leaders and exchanges between their departments.

Defence cooperation is one of the pillars of the bilateral relationship. The two countries will further increase high-level meetings between their armies; conduct exchanges and cooperation activities such as the Border Defence Friendship Exchange, the Defence Strategic Dialogue, joint patrols in the Gulf of Tonkin between naval forces, and a hotline between the two defence ministries; deepen border guard cooperation, and promote joint land border patrols by border guards of the two countries.

The two sides will step up high-level exchanges between their law enforcement agencies, deepen cooperation in political security and law enforcement in various fields; closely coordinate in multilateral security issues. They will bring into full play such mechanisms as the Ministerial Conference on Crime Prevention and Control and the Deputy Ministerial Strategic Security Dialogue, promote cooperation in the fight against terrorism, “peaceful evolution”, “colour revolution”, drug crime, cybercrime, cross-border gambling, human trafficking and high-tech crime as well as in immigration management and tracing wanted criminals. The two sides will accelerate the negotiation and signing of a Vietnam-China agreement on the transfer of sentenced persons, a Vietnam-China agreement on cooperation in crime prevention and control, and a plan on cooperation in illegal immigration prevention and control between the Vietnamese Ministry of Public Security and the Chinese National Immigration Administration.

The two sides agree to continue consolidating and enhancing legal and judicial cooperation in order to create a legal basis to boost their comprehensive cooperation in all fields. They will work together to deepen collaboration in law enforcement at sea between their coast guards, properly handle emerging incidents at sea and maintain security and stability at sea.

7.The two sides stress that Vietnam and China persist with the socialist path and the essential goal of bringing prosperous development and happiness to their people; the two countries should make use of the advantages in close geographical proximity and mutually complementary industries, and enhance substantive and effective cooperation in all fields to better meet the interests of their people.

(1) The two sides agree to actively promote connectivity of their development strategies, accelerate discussion on and the signing of a cooperation plan between the two governments on promoting connectivity between the “Two corridors, one belt” Framework and the “Belt and Road” Initiative, roll out cooperation in production capacity, infrastructure construction and transport connectivity, and early complete the evaluation of the Lao Cai-Hanoi-Hai Phong standard gauge railway planning.

(2) The two sides hold that e-commerce is an important field in bilateral economic-trade cooperation, and agree to continue well implementing the Memorandum of Understanding on enhancing e-commerce cooperation between Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade and China’s Ministry of Commerce, bring into full play the role of the working group on e-commerce, increase the exchange of policy and sharing of experience in developing cross-border e-commerce, promote collaboration between logistics firms, study enhancing electronic payment cooperation between banks and national payments switches, improve capacity for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises so as to expand commercial channels and new investments through e-commerce. China will continue to expand the consumption of outstanding, high-quality products of Vietnam through e-commerce promotion activities.

(3) The two sides agree to apply practical measures to reduce trade imbalance between the two countries, increase the export and import of high-quality farm produce and food products of both countries. The Chinese side will actively speed up the process of market opening for Vietnam’s sweet potato, citrus fruits, swiftlet nest and some agricultural and fishery products. The Vietnamese side will actively speed up the process of market opening for Chinese milk.

The two sides hold that ensuring pandemic prevention and control means ensuring the customs clearance for goods, and agree to bring into play the role of the joint mechanism to handle congestions at border gates and cooperate in pandemic prevention and control, maintain smooth trade activities at border gates with the premise of ensuring pandemic prevention and control, so as to ensure the goods supply chain and facilitate customs clearance; continue to intensify collaboration in preventing and fighting drug crime and the illegal trade of animals facing the threat of extinction, implement the joint regional programme “Operation Mekong Dragon”, to ensure the safe, healthy, balanced and smooth development of bilateral trade.

The Chinese side supports Vietnam’s trade promotion offices in Chonqing and Hangzhou in playing an active role in economic-trade cooperation between the two countries. China supports Vietnam’s establishment of other trade promotion offices in China, and welcomes Vietnam’s participation in the fifth China International Import Expo.

(4) The Vietnamese side is ready to create favourable conditions for businesses of the two countries to promote cooperation in investment and economics-trade. China encourages qualified Chinese enterprises to invest in Vietnam based on market and trade principles.

(5) The two sides are willing to well implement the MoU on enhancing cooperation to ensure supply chains between Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade and China’s Ministry of Commerce, and promote safe, stable production chains and supply chains between the two countries.

(6) In order to promote the import-export of goods, increase trade value between the two countries, the two sides agree to push for and facilitate cooperation in aviation, land and railway transport; early hold negotiations on amending the 1992 Vietnam-China Border Railway Agreement; and support their railway companies to expand cooperation on increasing the volume of Vietnamese goods transported by railway via China.

(7) The two sides will continue to uphold the role of the Vietnam-China Joint Committee on Agriculture and the Vietnam-China Joint Committee for Fishery in the Gulf of Tonkin, intensify substantive cooperation in such fields as cultivation, farm produce processing, pest control, and release of young fish and protection of aquatic resources in the Gulf of Tonkin, and deepen investment cooperation in agriculture. The two sides agree to push for early negotiations for the signing of a new agreement on fishery cooperation in the Gulf of Tonkin; reach consensus on an agreement on search and rescue at sea and another on establishing a hotline on incidents in Vietnam-China fishing activities at sea, and agree to early sign those agreements.

Increasing collaboration in sharing meteorological and hydrological data of the Hong (Red) River – Yuan River, Ky Cung River – Zuojiang, Mekong – Lancang River and other international rivers to help enhance capacity in preventing drought and flooding. Promoting cooperation in the use and protection of water resources in a balanced and appropriate manner in the framework of the Mekong-Lancang cooperation mechanism, and working together to enhance the level of safe, effective and sustainable use of water resources.

(8) The two sides will continue to push ahead with negotiations for the signing of a Vietnam-China medical cooperation agreement, collaborate in sharing information, experience in biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences for COVID-19 prevention and control, well implement the cooperation project on prevention and control of cross-border infectious diseases in the Mekong-Lancang region.

(9) The two sides are willing to make the best use of the Vietnam-China Land Border Joint Committee, and the Vietnam-China Cooperation Committee for Management of Land Border Gates, continue to well implement legal documents on the Vietnam-China land border; intensify security and order control in border areas, ensuring both disease prevention and control and facilitation of customs clearance at the border; go ahead with reopening border gates/ crossings, promote the construction of cross-border infrastructure, with a focus on discussing and reaching agreement on a plan to connect the railway between Lao Cai station (Vietnam) and Hekou North station (China); maintain good order and promote development in border areas. The two sides agree to push ahead with the implementation of the agreement on cooperation in protection and exploitation of tourism resources of Ban Gioc Waterfall (Vietnam) – Detian Waterfall (China), strive to early put it into pilot operation, thus building a model for cross-border and green tourism.

(10) The two sides agree to actively seek exchanges and cooperation in such fields as green development, climate change response, digital economy, etc, thus creating more growth points for Vietnam-China cooperation.

(11) The two sides agree to continue making good use of the role of the Vietnam-China Joint Committee on Science and Technology Cooperation; actively promote scientific-technological cooperation, joint research and technological demonstration; encourage the exchange of delegations at all levels to deepen cooperative ties in the above-mentioned fields.

(12) The two sides agree to continue following and implementing common perceptions of high-ranking leaders and the Global Development Initiative, actively research more cooperative projects to stimulate the economy and benefit people’s life.

8. Both sides agree to increase people-to-people friendship exchange, and education on Vietnam – China friendship, thus raising mutual understanding between the two peoples, especially young generations.

They also agree to well implement the Vietnam-China cultural and tourism cooperation plan, in line with the two countries’ pandemic prevention policy, promote the exchange of all-level delegations on culture and tourism, boost the tourism sectors’ recovery and healthy development, and enhance cooperation in cultural industry. The Chinese side welcomes and supports Vietnam’s establishment of a cultural centre in China, while the Vietnamese side supports the operation of the Chinese Cultural Centre in Hanoi.

The two sides consent to well carry out the Vietnam-China education cooperation agreement, encourage sending students to study in each other’s country. The Chinese side appreciates Vietnamese students’ return to China to study, and welcomes Vietnamese students who wish to return to school on the basis of the implementation of pandemic prevention and control. The Chinese side announces the provision of no less than 1,000 government scholarships for Vietnam, and no less than 1,000 other scholarships for Chinese language teachers, and personnel training for Vietnam.

Both sides will continue to organise friendship activities and cultural exchanges, such as Vietnam-China youth friendship meeting, Vietnam-China People’s Forum, border people’s festival, encourage the two countries’ localities, especially border provinces/regions, to boost friendship exchanges and cooperation for mutual benefit. They are willing to increase the exchange of press, media and reporters of the two countries, thus strengthening Vietnam-China friendship, and creating a social foundation and public opinion for bilateral ties’ development.

9. The two sides conduct sincere and frank in-depth exchanges on issues at sea; hold that satisfactorily controlling disagreements, maintaining peace and stability in the East Sea is extremely important; and agree to properly handle issues at sea, contributing to long-term peace and security in the region.

They agree to continue to adhere to important common perceptions reached between leaders of the two parties and countries, and the Agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues between Vietnam and China; effectively use the government-level negotiating mechanism on the two countries’ border; through consultations and negotiations, discuss temporary, transitional solutions that do not affect stances and policies of each side; and seek basic long-term solutions acceptable to both sides.

They agree to promote discussions on cooperation for development at sea and the delimitation of the sea area beyond the mouth of the Gulf of Tonkin, speed up the two above-said matters to soon reach substantive progress. They are willing to continue carrying out cooperation in less sensitive fields at sea; discuss the expansion of cooperation at sea in the Tonkin Gulf on the basis of meeting practical benefit of both sides.

They agree to continue to promote the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC), and on the basis of consultation, consensus, soon reach a substantive and effective Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC) in accordance with international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS); well control disagreements at sea, without actions that complicate the situation and expand disputes; and maintain peace, stability in the East Sea and promote cooperation at sea.

10. The Vietnamese side reaffirms its adherence to the “One China” policy, supports the peaceful development of cross-strait relations and China’s great cause of reunification, and resolutely opposes any dividing act for “independent Taiwan” in all forms and consistently advocates the principle of non-interference in internal affairs of countries. Vietnam does not develop any state-level relations with Taiwan. The Chinese side highly values Vietnam’s stance.

11. The two sides hold that the regional and global situation is evolving rapidly, complicatedly and unpredictably, tensions in hot spots are escalating, traditional and non-traditional security challenges are intertwined, and multilateralism, economic globalisation, global peace and development are facing a range of great difficulties and challenges. The international community needs to make joint efforts for peace, cooperation and development, giving more stability and positive energy to the world.

The two sides stress that development is the guarantee of security, the key to addressing tough problems and bringing happiness to the people. The Vietnamese side supports and stands ready to participate in the Global Development Initiative with appropriate content and manner, and make joint efforts with other parties to contribute to the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The two sides agree to reinforce cooperation in international and regional frameworks like the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), China-ASEAN and Mekong-Lancang; well implement the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement; boost regional economic links and encourage countries to develop together. The Vietnamese side backs China’s bid to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and its contributions to promoting economic and trade cooperation in Asia-Pacific.

The two sides emphasise that security is the premise for development. Vietnam recognises China’s Global Security Initiative on the basis of the goals and principles of the UN Charter. Vietnam is willing to work with China and concerned partners to maintain long-term peace and security in the world. The two sides agree to step up cooperation within the framework of the UN, maintain exchanges and closely coordinate in international and regional issues of shared concern. (The two sides) persistently implement and uphold multilateralism, jointly protect international justice, and observe the UN Charter and international law.

The two sides advocate that countries hold exchange and cooperate in the human rights issue on the basis of equality and mutual respect, and promote dialogue and international cooperation in the issue without politicising it.

12. During the visit, the two sides sign a cooperation agreement between the CPV Central Committee’s Commission for External Relations and the CPC Central Committee’s International Liaison Commission; a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation between the CPV Central Committee’s Commission for Internal Affairs and the CPC Central Committee’s Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission; an MoU on friendship cooperation for the 2022-2027 period between the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organisations and the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries; an MoU on cooperation between the Vietnamese and Chinese Ministries of Justice; an MoU on cooperation in the field of ecology and environment between Vietnam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and China’s Ministry of Ecology and Environment; an MoU between Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT) and China’s Ministry of Commerce on strengthening cooperation to ensure the Vietnam-China supply chain; a plan on cultural and tourism cooperation between Vietnam’s Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and China’s Ministry of Culture and Tourism for the 2023-2027 period; an MoU between the General Department of Vietnam Customs, Vietnam’s Ministry of Finance, and the General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) on building priority areas for collaboration; an MoU between MoIT and GACC on food safety in Vietnam-China bilateral trade; a protocol on phytosanitary requirements for fresh bananas exported from Vietnam to China between Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and GACC; an MoU on cooperation between Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and Beijing, the capital of China; an MoU between MoIT and the People’s Government of China’s Yunnan province on increasing cooperation in trade and economy; an MoU on increasing exchange and cooperation in the field of state assets and state enterprises between Vietnam’s Commission for the Management of State Capital at Enterprises and China’s State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission.

13. The two sides share the view that the official visit to China by Party General Secretary Trong is a success, positively contributing to strengthening the solidarity and traditional friendship between Vietnam and China, enhancing and deepening the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in the new era, and promoting peace, stability and prosperous development in the region and the world. The two Parties and peoples are delighted at these achievements.

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong thanks Party General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping, the Party, Government and people of China for their respectful, warm and friendly welcome; and invites Party General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping to soon visit Vietnam again. Party General Secretary and President of China Xi Jinping expresses his thanks and accepts the invitation with pleasure.

One thought on “Nguyen Phu Trong visit signals important advance in China-Vietnam relations”

  1. I am from Vancouver,Canada and i wanted to say that i supports China and Vietnam’s close friendship between the two countries.
    I don’t support what Canadian Foreign Minister is saying about China.
    China is not a threat to Canada and never was.There should be more Trade between China and Canada. Trudeau should visit China and speak with Xi Jinping about having better Trade relations and agree with China about Taiwan. Trudeau should also visit Vietnam and have better relations with both China and Vietnam. There is no reason why that shouldn’t happen.

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